Each of the nine planets of Vedic astrology has exaltation and debilitation signs. In case of debilitation (neecha), a planet is in its weakest state; but all hope is not lost. Saptarishis have declared that the debilitation can be nullified under certain circumstances. Neecha bhanga rajayoga has been illustrated by saptarishis in Saptarishi Nadi series.
Saptarishi Nadi is a collection of books containing discussions of horoscopes by the seven sages (saptarishis) and the consort of Lord Siva, Devi Parvati, herself. It is written in poetic form in the Tamil language. These books were compiled from palm manuscripts found in various parts of Tamilnadu, India, and published by the Government Oriental Manuscripts Library, Madras. Most importantly, they are a treasure house for those who want to analyze the predictions of the horoscopes by the ancient sages. I have discussed at length about this collection in the Saptarishi Nadi section. I have compiled the portions where the saptarishis put forth their arguments in favor of/against some of their predictions in the form of an eBook titled, “Elucidation of astrological predictions by saptarishis: Saptarishi Nadi, Aries ascendant collection.”
I have reproduced horoscope 38 in South Indian format from the eBook.
The ascendant is Aries. Venus is debilitated in Virgo. Jupiter and the Sun are also debilitated. The dispositor of Venus is Mercury (the ruler of Virgo is Mercury), which happens to be in Leo. The Moon is in Gemini.
Most importantly, saptarishis declare that the debilitation of Venus has been nullified. In other words, neecha bhanga is in effect for Venus. As a result, this cancellation of debilitation of Venus saves the jataka from marrying two wives (thank God!). But the other two debilitated planets continue to remain so. Let’s analyze the reason for the neecha bhanga of Venus.
Though many books advocate various rules for neecha bhanga, their authenticity is questionable. But the reader is free to apply those rules for the horoscope described above and arrive at a conclusion. Luckily, sage Pulippani has explained about Neecha bhanga rajayoga in his treatise.
Neecha bhanga rajayoga defined
சூடப்பா இன்னமொரு சூச்சமங்கேளு சுகமுள்ள ஜென்மனுட ராசிதன்னில்
மாடப்பா மதிமயங்கி ஒளிவில்லாமல் மகத்தான கோளதுதான் நீசமேற
கூடப்பா குடினாதன் அம்புலிக்கு கொற்றவனே கேந்திரமு முச்சமாக
நாடப்பா போகருட கடாட்சத்தாலே நலமாக செப்பிடுவாய் நீசம்போச்சே
If a planet is debilitated in a rasi and (1) its dispositor or the Moon is placed in a kendra (1, 4, 7, or 10) to that rasi or (2) its dispositor is exalted, then the debilitation gets nullified/cancelled.
The dispositor of Venus is Mercury, but he is not in a kendra from Venus. The Moon, though, is in a kendra from Venus. In other words, debilitated Venus is in the 4th position from the Moon. Therefore, of the two rules mentioned above, this satisfies the first rule.
Let’s apply these rules for the other two debilitated planets in this horoscope:
- The Sun’s dispositor is Venus, who is not in a kendra from Libra. Also, the Moon is not in a kendra from Libra.
- Jupiter’s dispositor is Saturn, who is not in a kendra from Capricorn. Also, the Moon is not in a kendra from Capricorn.
That is not all. Sage Pulippani adds one more rule to Neecha bhanga rajayoga:
போச்சப்பா இன்னமொரு பேச்சுக்கேளு புகழ்பெரிய நீசபங்க ராஜயோகம்
நீச்சப்பா நீணிலத்தில் ஜென்மனுக்கு நிகழ்த்திவிட்டோம் நிலைசமய மறிந்துசெப்பு
கூச்சப்பா கொடியோர்கள் கண்ணுற்றாலும் குற்றம்வந்து தீருமடா குழவிக்கேதான்
வீச்சப்பா போகருட கருணையாலே விளம்பினேன் புலிப்பாணி வினையைக்கேளே
Sage Pulippani says he has just explained Neecha bhanga rajayoga. But he cautions that (3) if malefic planets accompany or aspect the dispositor or the Moon which is responsible for neecha bhanga, the debilitation will not be nullified, and the jataka will suffer malefic results.
Here, the placement of the Moon is responsible for neecha bhanga; no malefic planets aspect or accompany it, thus satisfying rule 3.
I have to be frank here; the verse can also be interpreted in another way: if malefic planets aspect or accompany the debilitated planet, then the debilitation is not nullified. But if we apply this interpretation of rule 3 to the above-described horoscope, neecha bhanga rajayoga is not fulfilled. The debilitated Venus is accompanied by Mars and aspected by Saturn (both are malefic planets). So, this couldn’t be the intended interpretation of the verse, as the saptarishis declare that the debilitation of Venus is nullified in this horoscope and neecha bhanga is in effect.
Of the 78 horoscopes discussed in the Aries ascendant collection of Saptarishi Nadi, saptarishis mention only one instance of this yoga (cancellation of debilitation). This shows that this yoga is not common; the rule 3 mentioned above may be the reason.
Neecha bhanga yoga not fulfilled
Let’s look at another horoscope from the same eBook. In horoscope 26, the sages describe the following planetary position:
Certainly, Mars is debilitated in Cancer. Also, its dispositor, the Moon, is in Cancer too. This satisfies rule no. 1 described above, as the Moon is in a kendra to Mars. So, has the debilitation of Mars been cancelled? Unfortunately, Rahu is with the Moon; therefore, as per rule 3, Neecha bhanga yoga does not materialize, and Mars remains debilitated.
The consequences of such a debilitation, as explained by saptarishis, are:
- The jataka will not have a brother because of the debilitation of Mars — the karaka for siblings. He will have sisters though.
- The jataka’s wife too will not have brothers. She will live apart after some time and will not bear any children because of the placement of Rahu with the debilitated Mars. One may wonder what the debilitation of Mars has to do with his wife. Mars happens to be the lord of the 7th house from the 7th house. (i.e., the 7th house counted from Libra.)
Neecha bhanga yoga in real life
Though Neecha bhanga rajayoga is not common, I have come across this yoga in real life.
The first horoscope is that of Vic DiCara, a famous astrologer who is a strong proponent of tropical zodiac in Vedic astrology. His birth details are available in his website.
His ascendant is Capricorn. The lord of the 5th and 10th house, Venus, is in debilitation. Its dispositor, Mercury, is neither in exaltation nor in a kendra to Venus. But the Moon is in Gemini, which means Venus is in the 4th position from the Moon, thereby satisfying rule 1. With regard to rule 3, no malefic planet aspects or accompanies the Moon. Therefore, neecha bhanga of Venus is in effect and its debilitation is cancelled.
If both the lords of the 5th and 10th bhava were to be in debilitation, that would harm the prospects of begetting a male child.
Summing it up
Sage Pulippani and the saptarishis have clearly defined and demonstrated Neecha bhanga rajayoga. The works of sage Pulippani and the saptarishis are not widely known even in India. But they are a treasure house of authentic astrology.
Please note that the saptarishis used a tropical zodiac with sidereal nakshatras — which I have established conclusively in another article — and the rules discussed in Saptarishi Nadi were intended for interpretation of a chart computed with tropical zodiac, as opposed to sidereal zodiac.